The regions and provinces of the Dominican Republic

Details of the eastern half of the island of Hispaniola and its various regions and provinces.


The Dominican Republic is divided into 31 provinces (provincias). In addition, the national capital, Santo Domingo, is part of the district "Distrito Nacional" as the 32nd Province.

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#01 - Azua

The province is in a coastal level which borders on the bay of Ocoa, surrounded by the mountain chains "Cordillera Central" and the "Sierra de Martín García". The highest points of the province are the mountains "Tina" with 2,186 meters and the mountain "Busú" with 1,340 meters. In 1504 the province was settled for the first time with the foundation of "Compostela de Azua", later "Azua de Compostela". The founder of the settlement, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, was the later conqueror of Cuba. Azua belongs to the oldest European settlements of the new world. After an earthquake on the 16th October, 1751 and the almost entire destruction the town of Azua was foundes anew eight kilometers more to the north.

#02 - Baoruco

Baoruco, earlier also Bahoruco, is a province in the west of the Dominican Republic. Till 1952 the province belonged to the province "Independencia". The "Sierra de Baoruco" and the "Lago Enriquillo" are also part of the province of Baoruco.

Provinz Baoruco

#03 - Barahona

Till 1958 the province Pedernales also belonged to the province of Barahona.

Provinz Barahona

 #04 - Dajabón

The province of Dajabón is situated in the northwest of the Dominican Republic. It was separated in 1938 from the province "Monte Cristi" and was named "Libertador" till 1961. The south of the province is determined by the "Cordillera Central". In the west the province Dajabón is separated from Haiti by the river "Rio Dajabón" (also called "Rio Masacre"). The surrounding provinces are Monte Cristi, Santiago Rodríguez and Elías Piña.

#05 - Duarte

The province Duarte was founded on June 5th, 1896. To honor the former president Ulises Hereaux the province firstly was given the name "Distrito Pacificador". Later the name was changed to province "Duarte" in order to honor one of the country´s founders - Juan Pablo Duarte. The province Duarte is bordered to the east by the provinces "Maria Trinidad Sanchez" and "Samaná", to the south by the provinces "Monte Plata" and "Sanchez Ramirez", to the west by "La Vega" and "Salcedo" and it shares its borders to the north with the province "Maria Trinidad Sanchez". The province´s capital is San Francisco de Macorís.

Provinz Duarte

#06 - Elías Piña

The province is situated in the west of the countyr on the border to Haiti. The province has a surface of 1,396.93 kms² and was founded as province "San Rafael" in 1942. In 1965 the province´s name was changed to "La Estrelleta" until it finally received its current name in 1972.

Provinz Elias Pina

#07 - El Seibo / El Seybo

Provinz El Seibo

#08 - Espaillat

Provinz Espaillat

#09 - Hato Mayor

lies in the east of the Dominican Republic. Till 1992 the province belonged to the province "El Seibo/El Seybo".

Provinz Hato Mayor

#10 - Independencia

The province is situated in the west of the Dominican Republic, on the border to Haiti. Here is to be found the "Lago Enriquillo", the biggest lake of the country. The province originated in 1952, split off of the province Baoruco.

Provinz Independencia

#11 - La Altagracia

La Altagracia is the most eastern province of the Dominican Republic. Till 1968 Altagracia belonged to the province of La Romana. The tourism region Punta Cana is part of the province of "La Altagracia".

Provinz La Altragracia

#12 - La Romana

in the east of the Dominican Republic. The province originated in 1968 by the separation off the province La Altagracia. The islands Isla Saona and Isla Catalina both belong to the province. The region's capital is the city of La Romana

Provinz La Romana

#13 - La Vega

lies in the center of country. In 1992 the southeast part of the province was separated and became the province "Monseñor Nouel". Agriculture stamps the economy of the province. Especially in the high valleys around Jarabacoa and Constanza with cooler temperatures all year round potatoes, cabbage, strawberries, apples and coffee are grown. The mountains of the "Cordillera Central" attract tourists and locals equally. Mountain wanderings on foot or with horses, wild-water sports like Rafting or Canyoning are the main tourist attractions of the region.

Provinz La Vega

#14 - María Trinidad Sánchez

Provinz Maria Trinidad Sanchez

#15 - Monseñor Nouel

also in the center of the Dominican Republic. As the original southeastern part of the province La Vega it was separated in 1992 and became an independent province, in honor to Monseñor Dr. Adolfo Alejandro Nouel y Bobadilla, archbishop by Santo Domingo and later president of the Dominican Republic. Its economy is shaped by farming and cattle breeding. Additionally to the typical local products like mangos, oranges and bananas also coffee, cocoa, rice and vegetables are grown here.

Provinz Monsenor Nouel

#16 - Monte Cristi

in the northwest of the land. The coast of the province was sighted on January 4th, 1493 by Christopher Kolumbus. He christened the striking mountain he saw "Monte Christy", still named "El Morro de Montecristi". The province is determined by the Cibao valley and lies at the end of the main traffic route of the country. In the north and the east the province is limited by the atlantic ocean. The most important industry of the province are farming and fishing. Primarily are grown bananas, cooking bananas and rice.

Provinz Montecristi

#17 - Monte Plata

Provinz Monte Plata

#18 - Pedernales

the equally named river is a border to the Republic of Haiti. The province is situated in the southwest of the Dominican Republic, in the south of the Hispaniola-island. In the south it borders to the Caribbean sea, in the north and the east to the provinces Barahona and Independencia. The island "Beata" belongs to the Pedernales province. Their neighbouring town in Haiti (to the west of the border river) is "Anse-à-Pitres" in the district "Sud Est" (southeast) within the district "Belle-Anse".

Provinz Pedernales

#19 - Peravia

In 1944 the province was named "Provincia de Baní" and its name was changed to "José Trujillo Valdez". Peravia is on the southern coast, approximately 1 hour takes a drive to the capital. The provincial center is the town "Baní". In the east Peravia shares borders with the province "San Cristóbal", in the north with "San José de Ocoa" and in the west with "Azua". Shortly behind the coast the landscape becomes hilly and then rises up to mountains measuring 1700 meters. Touristically Peravia is still widely unexploited. Since the influence of North America and Europe still is low costs of living, restaurants and even property are still at well acceptable levels, lower than in the rest of the country.

Provinz Peravia

#20 - Puerto Plata

located in the north of the Dominican Republic. The province lies nestled between the mountains of the "Cordillera Septentrional" and the Atlantic Ocean. The coastline offers countless sand beaches and breathtaking views of the Atlantic. In 1907 the province of Puerto Plata was separated from its equally named provincial capital. Mainly are grown coffee, cocoa and sugar cane. Since the late 1990s tourism slowly replaces agriculture as the main economic branch. The province is considered one of the most important tourist destinations in the Dominican Republic.

Provinz Puerto Plata

#21 - Salcedo

Provinz Salcedo

#22 - Samaná

is situated in the northeast of the country and includes the equally named peninsula. Provincial capital is Samaná (Santa Barbara de Samaná). On the north side of the peninsula are some of the most beautiful beaches in the Caribbean. With their dense tropical vegetation and coconut trees reaching into the sea Samaná´s beaches are hardly indistinguishable from the beaches of the South Pacific. In 2006 the local "El Catey International Airport" (AZS) was opened.

The view from the street crossing the peninsula onto the Bay of Samaná is most impressing. Between december and march humpback whales can be observed in the Bay of Samaná. The Bay of Samaná can be crossed in a ferry.

Provinz Samana

#23 - Sánchez Ramírez

Provinz Sanchez Ramirez

#24 - San Cristóbal

Situated in the south of the Dominican Republic. Originally the province´s name was "Trujillo", honoring "Rafael Trujillo". Until 1992 the province of Monte Plata also belonged to the province of San Cristóbal.

Provinz San Cristobal

#25 - San José de Ocoa

The young province was created on January 1st, 2002 by being separated from the province of Peravia. On many maps it is still part of the province Peravia.

Provinz San Jose de Ocoa

#26 - San Juan

Provinz San Juan

#27 - San Pedro de Macorís

formerly called "Bahoruco", located in the country´s southeast. Situated close to the capital, Santo Domingo, sugar industry plays a major role in the province. Its schools and universities are important parts of the Dominican education system.

Provinz San Pedro de Macoris

 #28 - Santiago

Provinz Santiago

#29 - Santiago Rodríguez

Provinz Santiago Rodriguez

#30 - Santo Domingo (Provinz)

emerged as a province on October 16rh 2001 through the separation from the Distrito Nacional.

Provinz Santo Domingo

#31 - Valverde

Provinz Valverde

#32 - Distrito Nacional

emerged as a province on October 16rh 2001 through the separation from the Distrito Nacional.

Provinz Distrito Nacional